Feature | July 24, 2014

Researchers Assess Emergency Radiology Response after Boston Marathon Bombings

July 24, 2014 — An after-action review of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s emergency radiology response to the Boston Marathon bombings last year highlights the crucial role medical imaging plays in emergency situations and ways in which radiology departments can improve their preparedness for mass casualty events. The new study is published online in the journal Radiology.

"It's important to analyze our response to events like the Boston Marathon bombing to identify opportunities for improvement in our institutional emergency operations plan," said senior author Aaron Sodickson, M.D., Ph.D., emergency radiology director at Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Lead researcher John Brunner, M.D., was an emergency radiology fellow working in the Brigham and Women's emergency department on April 15, 2013, when the two bombs detonated near the finish line of the Boston Marathon. As a Level 1 trauma center, the hospital received 40 of the wounded patients, most within hours of the bombing.

"Imaging is one of the best ways to decide who needs attention most quickly," Brunner said. "The use of shrapnel-laden explosive devices resulted in extensive shrapnel injuries that required evaluation with X-ray and computed tomography [CT]."

Of the 40 patients who arrived in the ED for care, 31 patients (78 percent) underwent imaging, including 57 X-rays performed on 30 patients and 16 CT scans of seven patients.

Additional staff were rapidly mobilized, including attending radiologists, radiology fellows and residents, and X-ray and CT technologists. In addition, the usual emergency radiology imaging equipment (two portable X-ray machines and two fixed digital X-ray units, an ultrasound machine and a CT scanner) were supplemented with additional imaging machines from elsewhere in the hospital, including two additional CT scanners and additional portable X-ray units.

The researchers studied the emergency radiology response by comparing turnaround times from routine emergency radiology operations with those during the mass casualty event. CT exam turnaround time averaged 37 minutes during the mass casualty event, significantly lower than the annual median of 72 minutes during routine operations. The researchers said the fast turnaround was likely the result of having access to three CT scanners and stationing a radiologist at each.

"By having a radiologist stationed at each CT scanner, we could provide real-time protocols and preliminary interpretations of crucial results to help our trauma teams," Brunner said.

By contrast, the researchers found the X-ray turnaround time (median, 52 minutes) was longer than during routine operations (31 minutes), most likely due to a bottleneck created by the use of conventional radiography portable X-ray machines relying on a single X-ray plate readout device. To eliminate this technical bottleneck, these portable X-ray units have since been replaced by digital radiography (DR) equipment with wireless image transfer to enable faster exam completion and image availability.

"Imaging plays a vital role in all emergent situations, from everyday ED visits and trauma to mass casualty events," Sodickson said. "The surge in imaging utilization following the Boston Marathon bombing stressed emergency radiology operations but overall, things went smoothly in terms of patient care."

During the mass casualty event, the hospital's system for naming unidentified patients contributed to a large number of duplicative imaging orders and has since been overhauled. The new system, which includes a combination of a unique color, gender and numeral (e.g., Crimson Male 12345), will reduce confusion that accompanied the influx of multiple patients following the Boston Marathon bombings.

"Hospitals need to have emergency operations plans in place, and emergency radiology is a crucial component of that preparedness," Sodickson said. "When an event occurs, it is important to direct a critical eye to the plan's operation in order to refine it for the future."

For more information: www.radiologyinfo.org

Related Content

Canon Aquilion One CT Helps Gates Vascular Institute Adhere to New Stroke Guidelines
News | Computed Tomography (CT) | December 12, 2018
In stroke, time saved on imaging is time gained in the treatment window. The recently updated guidelines from the...
Siemens Healthineers Unveils Multix Impact Digital Radiography System at RSNA 2018
News | Digital Radiography (DR) | December 11, 2018
At the 104th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), Nov. 25-30 in...
Coreline Soft Introduces AI Lung Segmentation Solution at RSNA 2018
News | Lung Cancer | December 10, 2018
December 10, 2018 — Korean image software company Coreline Soft Co. Ltd.
FDA Approves New Features for Planmed Verity Cone Beam CT Scanner
Technology | Computed Tomography (CT) | December 07, 2018
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an approval letter for the new features and intended uses of the...
YITU Releases AI-Based Cancer Screening Solutions at RSNA 2018
News | Artificial Intelligence | December 06, 2018
Chinese artificial intelligence (AI) healthcare company YITU healthcare released two brand-new products, Intelligent...
Guerbet Launches Multi-Use OptiVantage Contrast Media Injector in Europe
Technology | Contrast Media Injectors | December 05, 2018
Contrast agent company Guerbet recently announced that the OptiVantage multi-use contrast media injector is now CE...
GE Healthcare Unveils New Applications and Smart Devices Built on Edison Platform
Technology | Artificial Intelligence | December 05, 2018
GE Healthcare recently announced new applications and smart devices built on Edison – a platform that helps accelerate...
Infervision Introduces AI Capabilities for Chest CT Reading
Technology | Computer-Aided Detection Software | November 30, 2018
Big data and artificial intelligence (AI) company Infervision announced the launch of InferRead CT Chest, a new product...
NeuroLogica and MaxQ AI Announce Distribution Agreement
News | Stroke | November 30, 2018
Clinical diagnostics intelligence platform company MaxQ AI and Samsung NeuroLogica announced a distribution agreement...
Videos | Advanced Visualization | November 30, 2018
This is an example of the FDA-cleared OpenSight augmented reality (AR) system for surgical planning from NovaRad at t