February 28, 2014 — Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Inc. is a biopharmaceutical company focused on precision diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals. It announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the Supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) and granted a Priority Review for the expanded use of Lymphoseek (technetium 99m tilmanocept) Injection indicated for sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection in patients with head and neck cancer. Under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA), the FDA has set a June 16 target review date for the Lymphoseek sNDA. The FDA grants priority review status to drug applications that may offer a significant improvement in treatment over existing options. Lymphoseek is currently approved for use in lymphatic mapping procedures performed to aid in the diagnostic evaluation of lymph nodes draining a primary tumor in patients with breast cancer and melanoma.
The sNDA submission included data from the NEO3-06 Phase 3 study. That showed statistical significance of Lymphoseek’s ability to correctly identify patients with pathology-positive lymph nodes compared with multiple level lymph node dissection and pathology assessment. The Phase 3 trial NEO3-06 was a prospective, open-label, multicenter, within-patient study. It was designed to identify sentinel lymph nodes and determine the false negative rate (FNR) associated with Lymphoseek-identified SLNs relative to the pathological status of non-SLNs in head and neck and intraoral squamous cell carcinoma. The primary endpoint for the NEO3-06 trial was based on the number of subjects with pathology-positive lymph nodes following a multiple level lymph node dissection and required a minimum of 38 subjects whose lymph nodes contained pathology-confirmed disease. Of the more than 80 subjects enrolled in the NEO3-06 trial, 39 subjects were determined to have pathology-positive lymph nodes. Results demonstrated that Lymphoseek correctly identified 38 of these 39 patients, for an overall FNR of 2.56 percent, which met the predefined statistical threshold. These findings indicate that Lymphoseek accurately identified SLNs in these trial subjects, and is likely to be predictive of overall node pathology status. Moreover, multiple level nodal dissection of patients in the trial with cancer-positive lymph nodes led to an average removal of 38 lymph nodes per patient, whereas Lymphoseek on average led to the removal of approximately 4 lymph nodes, representing a substantial reduction in potential morbidity for patients with head and neck cancer undergoing single lymph node biopsy.
Lymphoseek (technetium Tc 99m tilmanocept) Injection is a novel, receptor-targeted, small-molecule radiopharmaceutical used in lymphatic mapping procedures that are performed to help in the diagnostic evaluation of potential cancer spread for patients with breast cancer and melanoma. Lymphoseek is designed to identify the lymph nodes that drain from a primary tumor, which have the highest probability of harboring cancer. The FDA approved Lymphoseek in March 2013 for use in lymphatic mapping to assist in the localization of lymph nodes draining a primary tumor in patients with breast cancer or melanoma. The company anticipates continuing development of Lymphoseek into other solid tumor areas that may include head and neck cancers, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, lung/bronchus cancers, colorectal cancer and others.
For more information: www.navidea.com