News | Artificial Intelligence | October 10, 2017

NIH Clinical Center Releases 100,000-Plus Chest X-ray Datasets to Scientific Community

Compiled from scans of more than 30,000 patients, datasets are intended to help train artificial intelligence algorithms to aid radiologists in diagnosis

NIH Clinical Center Releases 100,000-Plus Chest X-ray Datasets to Scientific Community

October 10, 2017 — The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center recently released over 100,000 anonymized chest X-ray images and their corresponding data to the scientific community. The release will allow researchers across the country and around the world to freely access the datasets and increase their ability to teach computers how to detect and diagnose disease. Ultimately, this artificial intelligence mechanism can lead to clinicians making better diagnostic decisions for patients. 

NIH compiled the dataset of scans from more than 30,000 patients, including many with advanced lung disease. Patients at the NIH Clinical Center, the nation’s largest hospital devoted entirely to clinical research, are partners in research and voluntarily enroll to participate in clinical trials. With patient privacy being paramount, the dataset was rigorously screened to remove all personally identifiable information before release.

Reading and diagnosing chest X-ray images may be a relatively simple task for radiologists but, in fact, it is a complex reasoning problem that often requires careful observation and knowledge of anatomical principles, physiology and pathology. Such factors increase the difficulty of developing a consistent and automated technique for reading chest X-ray images while simultaneously considering all common thoracic diseases.

By using this free dataset, the hope is that academic and research institutions across the country will be able to teach a computer to read and process extremely large amounts of scans, to confirm the results radiologists have found and potentially identify other findings that may have been overlooked.

In addition, this advanced computer technology may also be able to:

  • Help identify slow changes occurring over the course of multiple chest X-rays that might otherwise be overlooked;
  • Benefit patients in developing countries that do not have access to radiologists to read their chest X-rays; and 
  • Create a virtual radiology resident that can later be taught to read more complex images like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the future.

The NIH research hospital anticipates adding a large dataset of CT scans to be made available as well in the coming months.

For more information: www.clinicalcenter.nih.gov

 

Related Content on Artificial Intelligence in Radiology

Artificial Intelligence Could Learn From the Medical Imaging Goldmine of the NHS Archives

VIDEO: Machine Learning and the Future of Radiology

How Artificial Intelligence Will Change Medical Imaging

Must Radiologists Be Prepared To Delegate ... To Smart Machines?

Related Content

Technology | Neuro Imaging | December 07, 2017
Deep learning artificial intelligence (AI) medical company DeepRadiology  announced the world's first computed...
Kubtec Supplies Imaging Equipment for Excavation of 3,500-Year-Old Greek Tomb
News | Digital Radiography (DR) | December 07, 2017
Kubtec announced it has been selected to supply high-resolution X-ray imaging equipment to the international research...
Sponsored Content | Videos | Artificial Intelligence | December 07, 2017
Adam Flanders, M.D., co-director, neuroradiology and vice-chair of informatics at Jefferson University Hospitals, Phi
Canon Showcases New CXDI Digital Radiography Detectors at RSNA 2017
News | Digital Radiography (DR) | December 06, 2017
Canon U.S.A. Inc. and Virtual Imaging Inc. recently announced the launch of the CXDI-710C, CXDI-810C and CXDI-410C...
Medexprim's Radiomics Enabler Goes Open Source
Technology | PACS Accessories | December 06, 2017
December 6, 2017 — Medexprim announced its Radiomics Enabler, meant to enhance medical images archives for research,
Ambra Health Joins Google Cloud Technology Partner Program
News | PACS Accessories | December 05, 2017
December 4, 2017 — Ambra Health recently announced a new relationship with Google Cloud.
Fujifilm Introduces Artificial Intelligence Initiative for U.S. Market at RSNA 2017
News | Artificial Intelligence | December 04, 2017
December 4, 2017 — Fujifilm Medical Systems U.S.A. Inc.
Change Healthcare and Zebra Medical Vision Bring Artificial Intelligence to Medical Imaging
News | Artificial Intelligence | December 04, 2017
December 4, 2017 — Change Healthcare and Zebra Medical Vision announced an agreement to create solutions that deliver
Fujifilm Introduces FDR Go Plus Version Portable DR System at RSNA 2017
Technology | Digital Radiography (DR) | November 28, 2017
November 28, 2017 — Fujifilm Medical Systems U.S.A. Inc.
Infervision Launches AI Platform to Help Radiologists Diagnose Stroke Faster
Technology | Computed Tomography (CT) | November 28, 2017
Infervision is introducing what it calls the first and only artificial intelligence (AI) platform to help radiologists...
Overlay Init