News | October 07, 2009

CT Modailty of Choice for Blunt Renal Injury Evaluation

October 7, 2009 - Computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice in the evaluation of blunt renal injury, according to a study published in the September 2009 issue of Radiolographics.

In the study, Imaging of Renal Trauma: A Comprehensive Review, intravenous urography is used primarily for gross assessment of renal function in hemodynamically unstable patients. Selective renal arteriography or venography can provide detailed information regarding vascular injury. Retrograde pyelography is valuable in assessing ureteral and renal pelvic integrity in suspected ureteropelvic junction injury. Ultrasonography is useful in detecting hemoperitoneum in patients with suspected intraperitoneal injury, but has limited value in evaluating those with suspected extraperitoneal injury. Occasionally, radionuclide renal scintigraphy or magnetic resonance imaging may prove helpful.

Renal injuries can be classified into four large categories based on imaging findings. Category I renal injuries include minor cortical contusion, subcapsular hematoma, minor laceration with limited perinephric hematoma, and small cortical infarct. Category II lesions include major renal lacerations extending to the medulla with or without involvement of the collecting system and segmental renal infarct. Category III lesions are catastrophic renal injuries and include multiple renal lacerations and vascular injury involving the renal pedicle. Category IV injuries are ureteropelvic junction injuries.

CT is particularly useful in evaluating traumatic injuries to kidneys with preexisting abnormalities and can help assess the extent of penetrating injuries in selected patients with limited posterior stab wounds. Integration of the imaging findings in renal injury with clinical information is critical in developing a treatment plan.

Reference: Kawashima, M.D., Akira, Sandler, M.D., Carl M., Corl, M.S., Frank M., West, M.D., O. Clark, Tamm, M.D., Eric P., Fishman, M.D., Elliot K., and Goldman, M.D., Stanford M., Imaging of Renal Trauma: A Comprehensive Review. Radiographics. September 2009.

Related Content

Houston Methodist Hospital Enters Multi-Year Technology and Research Agreement With Siemens Healthineers
News | Imaging | August 17, 2017
Houston Methodist Hospital and Siemens Healthineers have entered into a multi-year agreement to bring cutting-edge...
Four Blue Cross Blue Shield Companies Issue Positive Medical Policies on HeartFlow FFRct Analysis
News | Computed Tomography (CT) | August 09, 2017
HeartFlow Inc. announced that four Blue Cross Blue Shield companies have each issued a positive medical policy for the...
The American Lung Association created LUNG FORCE, a national movement to defeat lung cancer
News | Lung Cancer | August 02, 2017
To raise public awareness of lung cancer—the leading cancer killer of men and women—the American Lung Association's...
GE’s DoseWatch is a digital informatics solution that automatically collects, monitors and reports on radiation dose indices for diagnostic imaging exams
News | Radiation Dose Management | July 31, 2017
GE Healthcare announced that it has licensed computed tomography (CT) organ dosimetry technology developed at Duke...
Contrast Media from Bayer, trends in contrast media and developments in contrast media
Feature | Contrast Media | July 28, 2017 | By Dave Fornell
Here are several updates in medical imaging ...
New York Hospital Finds Significant Cost Savings With Toshiba’s Aquilion One CT
News | Computed Tomography (CT) | July 25, 2017
In five years, Kaleida Health’s Stroke Care Center (SCC) at the Gates Vascular Institute in Buffalo, N.Y., has realized...
Samsung Introduces FDA-Cleared BodyTom Elite CT Scanner
Technology | Computed Tomography (CT) | July 24, 2017
Samsung announced U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of the BodyTom Elite, an upgraded version of its...
Sponsored Content | Videos | CT Angiography (CTA) | July 21, 2017
DAIC and ITN Editor Dave Fornell discusses some of the most innovative new computed tomography (CT) technology and tr
ACR Updates Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics Guidance With ASTRO and AAPM
News | Radiation Dose Management | July 19, 2017
July 19, 2017 — The American College of Radiology (ACR) recently collaborated with professional medical societies to
Sponsored Content | Videos | CT Angiography (CTA) | July 19, 2017
Matthew Budoff, M.D., FACC, professor of medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, endowed chair of preventi
Overlay Init