Lung Imaging

News and new technology innovations concerning how imaging technology for the lungs. This includes computed tomography (CT), X-ray and ultrasound imaging of the lungs to diagnose and monitor treatment for lung cancer, COPD, pulmonary embolism (PE), pneumonia, tuberculosis and COVID-19 can be found on this channel.

Thoracic findings in a 15-year-old girl with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C). (a) Chest radiograph on admission shows mild perihilar bronchial wall cuffing. (b) Chest radiograph on the third day of admission demonstrates extensive airspace opacification with a mid and lower zone predominance. (c, d) Contrast-enhanced axial CT chest of the thorax at day 3 shows areas of ground-glass opacification (GGO) and dense airspace consolidation with air bronchograms. (c) This conformed to a mosai

Thoracic findings in a 15-year-old girl with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C). (a) Chest radiograph on admission shows mild perihilar bronchial wall cuffing. (b) Chest radiograph on the third day of admission demonstrates extensive airspace opacification with a mid and lower zone predominance. (c, d) Contrast-enhanced axial CT chest of the thorax at day 3 shows areas of ground-glass opacification (GGO) and dense airspace consolidation with air bronchograms. (c) This conformed to a mosaic pattern with a bronchocentric distribution to the GGO (white arrow, d) involving both central and peripheral lung parenchyma with pleural effusions (black small arrow, d). image courtesy of Radiological Society of North America

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | June 26, 2020
June 26, 2020 — In recent weeks, a multisystem hyperinflammatory condition has emerged in children in association with...
Researchers from five infectious disease hospitals across four districts in Guangzhou, China found that the less pulmonary consolidation on chest CT, the greater the possibility of negative initial reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results for 21 patients (nine men, 12 women; age range, 26–90 years)

Comparison of CT features between groups with negative and positive initial RT-PCR results.
aThe difference was statistically significant in comparison of the two groups (p < 0.05).

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | June 18, 2020
June 18, 2020 — An open-access American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) article exploring the diagnostic value of chest...
According to a recent report by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers, artificial intelligence (AI) should be used to expand the role of chest X-ray imaging — using computed tomography, or CT —  in diagnosing and assessing coronavirus infection so that it can be more than just a means of screening for signs of COVID-19 in a patient's lungs.

Getty images

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | June 04, 2020
June 4, 2020 — According to a recent report by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers, artificial intelligence (AI) should...
Largest case series (n=30) to date yields high frequency (77%) of negative chest CT findings among pediatric patients (10 months-18 years) with COVID-19, while also suggesting common findings in subset of children with positive CT findings

A and B, Unenhanced chest CT scans show minimal GGOs (right lower and left upper lobes) (arrows) and no consolidation. Only two lobes were affected, and CT findings were assigned CT severity score of 2. Image courtesy of American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR)

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | May 29, 2020
May 29, 2020 — An investigation published open-access in the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) revealed a high...
This is an artificial intelligence (AI) application from Lunit that automatically detects a collapsed lung (pneumothorax) on a Fujifilm mobile DR X-ray system. The AI automaticially scans all images as they are captured to determine if there is a critical finding and if so, immediately alerts the RT so it can be listed as a STAT read and so they cal alert the attending physician. Photo by Dave Fornell. #RSNA

This is an artificial intelligence (AI) application from Lunit that automatically detects a collapsed lung (pneumothorax) on a Fujifilm mobile DR X-ray system. The AI automaticially scans all images as they are captured to determine if there is a critical finding and if so, immediately alerts the RT so it can be listed as a STAT read and so they cal alert the attending physician. Photo by Dave Fornell.

Feature | Digital Radiography (DR) | May 26, 2020 | By Dave Fornell
There were several new developments in digital radiography (DR) technology at the 2019 Radiological Society of North...
The Philips Lumify point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) system assessing a patient in the emergency room combined with telehealth to enable real-time collaboration with other physicians.

The Philips Lumify point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) system assessing a patient in the emergency room combined with telehealth to enable real-time collaboration with other physicians.

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | May 26, 2020
May 26, 2020  — Philips Healthcare recently received 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...
Lymphocytic Inflammation in a Lung from a Patient Who Died from Covid-19. The gross appearance of a lung from a patient who died from coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is shown in Panel A (the scale bar corresponds to 1 cm). The histopathological examination, shown in Panel B, revealed interstitial and perivascular predominantly lymphocytic pneumonia with multifocal endothelialitis (hematoxylin–eosin staining; the scale bar corresponds to 200 μm).

Lymphocytic Inflammation in a Lung from a Patient Who Died from Covid-19. The gross appearance of a lung from a patient who died from coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is shown in Panel A (the scale bar corresponds to 1 cm). The histopathological examination, shown in Panel B, revealed interstitial and perivascular predominantly lymphocytic pneumonia with multifocal endothelialitis (hematoxylin–eosin staining; the scale bar corresponds to 200 μm). Image courtesy of The New England Journal of Medicine

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | May 22, 2020
May 22, 2020 — In a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), senior author Steven J. Mentzer, M.D.,...
In a new study to help oncologists address the challenges COVID-19-positive lung cancer patients present, a team of global lung cancer specialists published a review of lung cancer treatments for patients with COVID-19

Getty Images

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | May 18, 2020
May 18, 2020 — Lung cancer patients are at heightened risk for COVID-19 and the reported high mortality rate among lung...
Chest radiograph of a 23-year-old male with no past medical history who tested positive for COVID-19 via RT-PCR and was subsequently discharged from the emergency department with home care and isolation precautions. Portable CXR shows right and left peripheral lower lung zone hazy opacities; total score=2

Top image: Chest radiograph of a 23-year-old male with no past medical history who tested positive for COVID-19 via RT-PCR and was subsequently discharged from the emergency department with home care and isolation precautions. Portable CXR shows right and left peripheral lower lung zone hazy opacities; total score=2.

Bottom image: Chest radiograph in a 32-year-old overweight (BMI=30) COVID-19 positive male with a history of childhood asthma who was subsequently admitted and intubated in the ICU for 3 days. Portable CXR shows opacities in all three right lung zones and in the left middle and lower lung zones; total score=5. Image courtesy of Mount Sinai Health System

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | May 15, 2020
May 15, 2020 — Chest X-rays performed on young and middle-aged adults with COVID-19 when they arrive at the emergency...
16-year-old girl with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and known history of tuberous sclerosis who presented with acute hypoxic respiratory distress. Reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction testing confirmed diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

16-year-old girl with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and known history of tuberous sclerosis who presented with acute hypoxic respiratory distress. Reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction testing confirmed diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

A, Frontal chest radiograph obtained at initial presentation shows bilateral lower lung zone–predominant consolidations and, to lesser extent, ground-glass opacities. B, Frontal chest radiograph obtained 2 days after hospital admission shows interval increase in consolidation in bilateral lower lung zones. C, Frontal chest radiograph obtained 6 days after hospital admission and treatment shows interval improvement in consolidations in bilateral lower lung zones.

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | May 01, 2020
May 1, 2020 — Although the clinical symptoms of new pediatric lung disorders such as severe acute respiratory syndrome...
Artificial intelligence can categorize cancer risk of lung nodules
News | Artificial Intelligence | April 27, 2020
April 27, 2020 — Computed tomography (CT) scans for people at risk for lung cancer lead to earlier diagnoses and...
Zegami, the Oxford University data visualization spin-out, has announced it has written to the health ministers of ten countries asking them to provide X-rays of COVID-19 infected lungs.
News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | April 27, 2020
April 27, 2020 — Zegami, the Oxford University data visualization spin-out, has announced it has written to the health...
#COVID19 #Coronavirus #2019nCoV #Wuhanvirus #SARScov2 A new expert panel consensus statement published simultaneously in the journals Radiology: Imaging Cancer, Chest and the Journal of the American College of Radiology provides guidance to clinicians managing lung cancer screening programs and patients with lung nodules during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Getty Images

News | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | April 23, 2020
April 23, 2020 — A new expert panel consensus statement published simultaneously in the journals Radiology: Imaging...
Data from Australia offers useful guidance for similar conditions in other advanced economies #lungcancer

Getty Images

News | Lung Imaging | April 22, 2020
April 22, 2020 — Value in Health, the official journal of ISPOR — the professional society for health economics and...
Age‐standardized, delay‐adjusted overall cancer incidence rates for 2012 through 2016 are illustrated among males and females by racial/ethnic group

Age‐standardized, delay‐adjusted overall cancer incidence rates for 2012 through 2016 are illustrated among males and females by racial/ethnic group. Racial/ethnic groups are mutually exclusive. Data for the non‐Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) population are restricted to Indian Health Service Purchased/Referred Care Delivery Area (PRCDA) counties. API indicates Asian/Pacific Islander. Chart courtesy of ACS Journals 

News | Radiation Oncology | March 16, 2020
March 16, 2020 — The Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer finds that cancer death rates continued to...
The low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) scans used in lung cancer screening do not appear to damage human DNA

Immunofluorescent staining performed to depict γ-H2AX foci. Representative images of γ-H2AX foci in peripheral blood lymphocytes in an 82-year-old woman who underwent standard-dose CT. (a) Nuclear DNA of four lymphocytes. (b) γ-H2AX foci (arrows). (c) Markers of DNA double-strand breaks. In this merged image, DNA is blue and γ-H2AX foci are red (arrows show small foci). γ-H2AX, a marker of DNA double-strand breaks, is a phosphorylated type of histone H2AX. Scale bar: 5 mm. Image courtesy of the Radiological Society of North America

News | Lung Imaging | March 11, 2020
March 11, 2020 — The low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) scans used in lung cancer screening do not appear to...
Pulmonary imaging is important in the diagnosis of the acute lung injury associated with vaping, known as electronic cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI), according to a special review article published in the journal Radiology

Images show electronic cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury in a 32-year-old man with history of vaping who presented with fevers and night sweats for 1 week. (a) Coronal maximum intensity projection image shows diffuse centrilobular nodularity. (b) Histologic sections of his transbronchial cryobiopsy showed distinctive micronodular pattern of airway-centered organizing pneumonia, corresponding to centrilobular nodularity seen at CT. Similar imaging and pathologic findings have been described in patients with smoke synthetic cannabinoids. Image courtesy of Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)

News | Lung Imaging | January 28, 2020
January 28, 2020 — Pulmonary imaging is important in the diagnosis of the acute lung injury associated with vaping,...
Trends in Overall Cancer Mortality Rates by Sex, United States, 1930 to 2017. Rates are age adjusted to the 2000 US standard population

Trends in Overall Cancer Mortality Rates by Sex, United States, 1930 to 2017. Rates are age adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Chart courtesy of the American Cancer Society

News | Radiation Oncology | January 13, 2020
January 13, 2020 — The cancer death rate declined by 29 percent from 1991 to 2017, including a 2.2 percent drop from...
Lung cancer patients who are inactive prior to chemoradiation are less likely to tolerate treatment and more likely to see their cancer return
News | Lung Imaging | January 08, 2020
January 8, 2020 — Numerous studies have shown that monitoring physical activity promotes better health – from reducing...
 Cancer in lung Siemens PET Biograph mCT Flow Lung
News | Lung Imaging | December 19, 2019
December 19, 2019 — Hoag hopes to turn the tables on lung cancer by becoming one of select hospitals in the nation, and...