Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a chemical compound that detects the Alzheimer’s protein amyloid beta better than current FDA-approved agents. The compound potentially may be used in brain scans to identify people in the earliest stages of Alzheimer’s disease. In the image, the compound has passed from the bloodstream of a living mouse into its brain, where it is detected by a positron emission tomography (PET) scan. Arrows indicate clumps of amyloid beta. Credit Ping Yan and Jin-Moo Lee.
NET circulating transcript and chromogranin A (CgA) levels in responders and non-responders. a) Transcripts were significantly reduced at 6-month follow-up compared to pre-treatment values. Non-responders (NR) exhibited significantly elevated levels at 6 months (FUP_6m). This was also significantly higher than in responders (R). b) A significant alteration was noted only for CgA in non-responders (NR) at 6 months. c) Pre-PRRT: NET transcript scores were elevated in 94 percent and CgA in 57 percent. d) Responders: NET transcripts decreased in 88 percent of responders (no change in 12 percent). CgA was unchanged in 47 percent, decreased in 21 percent and was elevated in 32 percent. e) Non-Responders: NET transcripts increased in 90 percent (no change in 10 percent). CgA was unchanged in 33 percent, decreased in 40 percent and was elevated in 27 percent. For NET transcripts, no falsely decreased or increased values occurred in responders or non-responders, respectively. Credit: LuGenIum Consortium for Independent Research & Wren Laboratories
A. Increased F-18 TZ3504 uptake was observed in the inflamed lumbar spinal cord of EAE-treated animals in the rat model of MS compared to sham control rats. Representative sagittal, coronal and transverse views of the thoracic and lumbar spine are shown. B. The time activity curve of F-18 TZ3504 uptake in the lumbar spinal cord was significantly higher for the first 30 minutes in EAE-treated rats. C. F-18 TZ3504 was able to cross the blood brain barrier and showed homogeneous distribution in the brain of a healthy nonhuman primate. Image Credit: Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo.
Comparison of Ga-68-DOTATOC PET/CT with Y-90 DOTATOC PET/CT. Although the positron associated with Y-90 is rarely emitted, there is still sufficient signal to acquire a quantitative PET/CT image of Y-90 DOTATOC after a therapeutic administration. The white arrows indicate kidneys and the yellow arrows tumor. Credit: University of Iowa
Illustration of three-step DOTA-PRIT based on targeting with an IgG-scFv bispecific antibody (e.g., huA33-C825 for detection and treatment of colorectal cancer) with dual specificity for a tumor-associated antigen (e.g., GPA33) and M-DOTA haptens (e.g., Lu-177 DOTA). Image courtesy of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.
Topographical correspondence of tau- but not amyloid-pathology with neuronal dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease
Right lateral surface of projected z-score images, reflecting deviation from healthy controls
Yellow/red: higher uptake, blue: lower uptake as compared to controls
Image courtesy of G. Bischof, J. Hammes, T. van Eimeren, A. Drzezga, Multimodal Neuroimaging Group, Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, University of Cologne; B. Neumaier, Institute of Radiochemistry and Experimental Molecular Imaging University of Cologne; J. Dronse, O. Onur, J. Kukolja, G. Fink, F. Jessen, Center for Memory Disorders, Depts. of Neurology & Psychiatry, University of Cologne; and K. Fliessbach, Dept. of Neurology, University of Bonn.